Distance Education is a teaching method in which communication and interaction between those who plan and implement educational studies and learners are provided from a certain center through specially prepared teaching units and various environments in cases where it is not possible to carry out in-class activities in traditional learning-teaching methods. Again, we can define distance education as follows; It is an institutional educational activity where students, teachers and teaching materials in different places are brought together through communication technologies.
Why Distance Education
Lifelong learning is necessary.
It is an education system that can serve a wide range of students.
It is indispensable for those who do not benefit from traditional education.
It can offer training services with different applications to the target audience consisting of individuals with different qualifications.
Increasing, changing and diversifying knowledge and skills.
It is economical. (The unit costs are cheap)
It is a system that can offer a wide variety of communication technologies to education service.
It is student centered.
FEATURES OF DISTANCE EDUCATION
Institutions providing distance education services generally have the qualifications to provide education at a global level. For more than 100 years, educational institutions in Europe (especially England and France) have been providing distance education services to their citizens working in overseas countries or dealing with trade.
The most distinctive feature of the Traditional Education system in the East and West is the face-to-face communication of the instructor and the student. This type of education is generally organized according to the general level of the group rather than the different intelligence and learning abilities of the students. Customization: The distance education system takes the student from the classroom environment and moves them to a position where they can be trained individually. In this system, institutional learning is replaced by learning customized for individuals.
It has become inevitable to open distance education institutions in order to respond quickly and effectively to the increasing education demands of people, similar to the establishment of related industries to meet the increasing need of a large mass for a product.
Serving students who are not eligible for Traditional Education:
Distance education is an education system preferred by millions of people around the world every year. However, it is an expected choice for those who do not have the opportunity to attend the lesson hours in the relevant educational institution in terms of space / time (full-time employees - civil servants, soldiers - those living in a different city / country).
In the 1980s, fixed computer conferencing systems and two-way video conferencing systems were used to communicate over long distances, but nowadays, portable computers and mobile phones have begun to be used at a significant level.
Today, thanks to distance education, students can send their assignments via e-mail from anywhere in the world at any time of the day and receive the evaluation results of their studies on WWW in the same way.
Cheap compared to other education systems:
Distance education is the cheapest among education systems, except when the investment in infrastructure is very high, the fees per student are higher than Traditional Education, or there are not enough students to cover the investment cost.
Technology and Education:
Virtual classrooms can be connected to each other using satellite or compressed video encoding or full bandwidth, so that people can receive face-to-face training even if they are in remote locations.
Advantages of Distance Education
Distance education is a teaching method that provides communication and interaction between those who plan and implement educational studies and learners from a certain center through specially prepared teaching units and various environments in cases where classroom activities cannot be carried out due to limitations in traditional learning-teaching methods.